Male emperor penguins carry their eggs on their feet, keeping them there and protecting them with a fat pouch that hangs down over their feet. I have the kids take a pillow and belt it around their waist. Then tuck a 6in ball on their feet, under the “fat” pillow. I let them walk around and see if they can balance their “egg”.
Explain to the children that a penguin has a special gland in its body that produces an oil which makes the penguins feathers waxy. The waxy feathers protect the penguin from extreme cold and icy waters in the South Pole. In order to show the children how the water repels off of the waxy feathers, draw a picture of a penguin. Have the children color the feathers of the penguin with black and white crayons. Pour a cup of water all over the picture. The water will soak the paper however will roll off the crayon. This science experiment will show the children that the water will roll off of the penguin because of the waxy feathers. The children loved this experiment.
Talk about the five different types of penguins. Have a life-size drawing of an emperor penguin attached to the wall. Measure each child using a roll of adding machine paper, cut the paper at the child’s height and attach it to the wall beside the emperor penguin. Now the children can compare their height with that of an emperor penguin.